Relating tinnitus features and audiometric characteristics in a cohort of 34 tinnitus subjects




hearing loss, tinnitus, audiometry, tinnitus pitch


Although tinnitus, the conscious perception of a sound without a sound source external or internal to the body, is highly correlated with hearing loss, the precise nature of such correlation remains still unknown. People with high pitch tinnitus are used to suffer from high frequency hearing losses, and vice versa, low pitch tinnitus is mostly associated with low frequency hearing losses. However, many subjects with low or high frequency losses do no develop tinnitus. Thus, studies trying to relate audiometric characteristics and tinnitus features are still relevant. This article presents a correlational study of audiometric and tinnitus variables in a sample of 34 subjects, paying special attention to the heterogeneous subtypes of both audiometry shape and tinnitus etiology. Our results, which concur with others previously published, demonstrate that the tinnitus pitch, the main frequency of the tinnitus spectrum, in subjects with high-steep high-frequency and continuously steep hearing losses, are highly correlated with the frequency at which hearing loss reaches 50 dB HL.


Download data is not yet available.


Cobo, P. (2015). Tinnitus: Mechanisms, measures and sound treatments. Loquens, 2, e024.

Diges, I., Simón, F., & Cobo, P. (2017). Assessing auditory processing deficits in tinnitus and hearing impaired patients with the Auditory Behavior Questionnaire. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 11, 187. PMid:28428741 PMCid:PMC5382167

Eggermont, J. J. (2012). The neuroscience of tinnitus. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Eggermont, J. J. (2014). Noise and the brain. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Eggermont, J. J., & Tass, P. A. (2015). Maladaptive neural synchrony in tinnitus: Origin and restoration. Frontiers in Neurology, 6, 29. PMid:25741316 PMCid:PMC4330892

Hall, D. A., Haider, H. Kikidis, D., Mielczarek, M., Mazurek, B., Szczepek, A. J., & Cederroth, C. R. (2015). Toward a global consensus on outcome measures for clinical trials in tinnitus. Trends in Amplification, 19, 1–7.

Herráiz, C., Hernández Calvín, F. J., Plaza, G., Tapia, M. C., & de los Santos, G. (2001). Evaluación de la incapacidad en los pacientes con acúfenos. Acta Otorrinolaringológica Espa-ola, 52, 142–145.

Kleinjung, T., Steffens, T., Struz, J., & Langguth, B. (2009). Curing tinnitus with a Cochlear Implant in a patient with unilateral sudden deafness: A case report. Cases Journal, 2, 7462.

König, O., Schaette, R., Kempter, R., & Gross, M. (2006). Course of hearing loss and occurrence of tinnitus. Hearing Research, 221, 59–64. PMid:16962270

Langguth, B., Landgrebe, M., Schlee, W., Schecklmann, M., Vielsmeier, V., Steffens, T., Staudinger, S., Frick, H., & Frick, U. (2017). Different Patterns of hearing loss among Tinnitus Patients: a latent class analysis of a large sample. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 8, 46.

Liberman, L. D., & Liberman, C. M. (2015). Dynamics of cochlear synaptopathy after acoustic overexposure. Journal of the Association Research of Otolaryngology, 16, 205–219. PMid:25676132 PMCid:PMC4368657

Milloy, V., Fournier, P., Benoit, D., Nore-a, A., & Koravand, A. (2017). Auditory brainstem responses in tinnitus: A review of who, how, and what? Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, 9, 237. PMid:28785218 PMCid:PMC5519563

Nicolas-Puel, C., Lloyd Faulconhridge, R., Guitton, M., Puel, J. L., Mondain, M., & Uziel, A. (2002). Characteristics of tinnitus and etiology of associated hearing loss: A study of 123 patients. International Tinnitus Journal, 8, 37–44. PMid:14763234

Nore-a, A. J. (2011). An integrative model of tinnitus based on a central gain controlling neural sensitivity. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 35, 1089–1109. PMid:21094182

Roberts, L. E., Bosnyak, D. J., Bruce, I. C., Gander, P. E., & Paul, B. T. (2015). Evidence for differential modulation of primary and nonprimary auditory cortex by forward masking in tinnitus. Hearing Research, 327, 9–27. PMid:25937134

Roberts, L. E., Moffat, G., & Bosnyak, D. J. (2006). Residual inhibition functions in relation to tinnitus spectra and auditory threshold shift. Acta Otolaryngol. (Stockh), 126, 27–33. PMid:17114139

Schecklmann, M., Vielsmeier, V., Steffens, T., Landgrebe, M., Langguth, B., & Kleinjung, T., (2012). Relationship between audiometric slope and tinnitus pitch in tinnitus patients: Insights into the mechanisms of tinnitus generation. PLOS One, 7, e34878. PMid:22529949 PMCid:PMC3329543

Sereda, M., Hall, D. H., Bosnyak, D. J., Edmondson-Jones, M., Roberts, L. E., Adjamian, P., & Palmer, A. R. (2011). Re-examining the relationship between audiometric profile and tinnitus pitch. International Journal of Audiology, 50, 303–312. PMid:21388238 PMCid:PMC3082165

Shekhawat, G. S., Searchfield, G. D., & Stinear, C. M. (2014). The relationship between tinnitus pitch and hearing sensitivity. Eur. Arch. Otolaryngol., 271, 41–48. PMid:23404467

Van de Heyning, P., Meeus, O., Blaivie, C., Vermeire, K., Boudewyns, A., & De Ridder, D. (2007). Tinnitus: a multidisciplinary clinical approach. B-ENT 3, 3–10. PMid:18225603

Vio, M. M., & Holme, R. H. (2005). Hearing loss and tinnitus: 250 million people and US$10 billion potential market. Drugs Discovery Today, 10, 1263–1265.

Weisz, N., Hartmann, T., Dohrmann, K., Schlee, W., & Nore-a, A. (2006). High-frequency tinnitus without hearing loss does not mean absence of deafferentation. Hearing Research, 222, 108–114. PMid:17079102



How to Cite

Cuesta, M., & Cobo, P. (2018). Relating tinnitus features and audiometric characteristics in a cohort of 34 tinnitus subjects. Loquens, 5(2), e054.




Most read articles by the same author(s)