Authorship identification

This Journal applies the ORCID® persistent digital identifier as a way to ensure proper authorship normalization.

Authorship contribution

This journal applies the CRediT taxonomy to research articles received as of 2024, in order to favoring recognition and facilitating transparency of authorship. To this end, all signatories to the article will be identified by the roles that describe the contribution that each one has made.

This information will be provided to the journal by the corresponding author, who must guarantee that the assignment of roles is accurate, that no token authorships are included and that the roles indicated have been agreed with the other authors of the article.

This information will appear in the publication itself, before the bibliography of the article, and will be integrated in the metadata of the article according to different international standards.

The roles proposed by CRediT are:

Ideas; formulation or evolution of overarching research goals and aims.

Data curation
Management activities to annotate (produce metadata), scrub data and maintain research data (including software code, where it is necessary for interpreting the data itself) for initial use and later re-use.

Formal Analysis
Application of statistical, mathematical, computational, or other formal techniques to analyse or synthesize study data.

Funding acquisition
Acquisition of the financial support for the project leading to this publication.

Conducting a research and investigation process, specifically performing the experiments, or data/evidence collection.

Development or design of methodology; creation of models.

Project administration
Management and coordination responsibility for the research activity planning and execution.

Provision of study materials, reagents, materials, patients, laboratory samples, animals, instrumentation, computing resources, or other analysis tools.

Programming, software development; designing computer programs; implementation of the computer code and supporting algorithms; testing of existing code components.

Oversight and leadership responsibility for the research activity planning and execution, including mentorship external to the core team.

Verification, whether as a part of the activity or separate, of the overall replication/reproducibility of results/experiments and other research outputs.

Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work, specifically visualization/data presentation.

Writing – original draft
Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work, specifically writing the initial draft (including substantive translation).

Writing – review & editing
Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work by those from the original research group, specifically critical review, commentary or revision – including pre- or post-publication stages.