Loquens https://loquens.revistas.csic.es/index.php/loquens <p><strong>Loquens</strong> is a scientific journal published by <a href="https://www.csic.es/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CSIC</a> and related to the <a href="http://www.cchs.csic.es/en/node/287002" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Phonetics Laboratory</a> of the <a href="http://cchs.csic.es/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CCHS</a>, dedicated to analyzing speech from all angles and considering all points of view. The approach is clearly interdisciplinary and is proposed as a tool for the diffusion of the developments from those areas of study where speech analysis is the focus.</p> <p>The Journal welcomes theoretical and applied papers in the areas of experimental and general phonetics and theoretical and experimental phonology, vocal science, information and communication technologies related to voice and speech sciences, speech pathologies and clinical phonetics, forensic phonetics, pronunciation teaching, voice performance and radio / TV broadcasting, etc. Special attention is given to those papers with a strong interdisciplinary and cross-curricular emphasis, since the journal's primary goal is to highlight the possible interconnections between the abovementioned fields and to state the advantages gained from addressing speech from various perspectives.</p> <p>The Editors welcome proposals for specific subjects, and also offers from experts to act as guest editors for thematic issues.</p> <p>Founded in 2014, it was born directly as an electronic journal publishing in PDF, HTML and XML-JATS.</p> <p><strong>Loquens</strong> is covered by <a title="WOS" href="https://clarivate.com/webofsciencegroup/solutions/web-of-science/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Web of Science</a>: <a title="ESCI" href="https://clarivate.com/webofsciencegroup/solutions/webofscience-esci/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Emerging Sources Citation Index</a> (ESCI), <a title="SCOPUS" href="https://www.elsevier.com/solutions/scopus" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SCOPUS</a>, <a href="https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info.action?id=488628" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ERIH Plus</a>, <a href="https://www.redib.org/recursos/Serials/Record/oai_revista2022-loquens" target="_blank" rel="noopener">REDIB</a> and other national and international databases. It is indexed in Latindex Catalogue 2.0 and has obtained the FECYT Seal of Quality.</p> <p><strong style="color: #800000;">Journal Citation Indicator (JCI)</strong> 2020: <strong>0.12</strong><br /><strong style="color: #800000;">Rank by JCI: </strong><strong>245</strong>/261 (Q4, Linguistics)<br />Source: <a title="Clarivate Analytics" href="http://clarivate.com/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Clarivate Analytics</a>©, <a title="JCR" href="http://clarivate.com/scientific-and-academic-research/research-evalution/journal-citation-reports/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Journal Citation Reports</a>®</p> <table style="width: 100%; border-spacing: 0px; border-collapse: collapse; margin-top: 40px;"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 33%; text-align: left; vertical-align: top;"> <p class="check">Open Access</p> <p class="check">No APC</p> <p class="check">Indexed</p> <p class="check">Original Content</p> </td> <td style="width: 33%; text-align: left; vertical-align: top;"> <p class="check">Peer Review</p> <p class="check">Ethical Code</p> <p class="check">Plagiarism Detection</p> <p class="check">Digital Identifiers</p> </td> <td style="width: 33%; text-align: left; vertical-align: top;"> <p class="check">Interoperability</p> <p class="check">Digital Preservation</p> <p class="check">Research Data Policy</p> <p class="check">PDF, HTML, XML-JATS</p> <p class="check">Online First</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> en-US <strong>© CSIC.</strong> Manuscripts published in both the printed and online versions of this Journal are the property of <strong>Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas</strong>, and quoting this source is a requirement for any partial or full reproduction.<br /><br />All contents of this electronic edition, except where otherwise noted, are distributed under a “<strong>Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</strong>” (CC BY 4.0) License. You may read here the <strong><a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.en" target="_blank">basic information</a></strong> and the <strong><a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode" target="_blank">legal text</a></strong> of the license. The indication of the CC BY 4.0 License must be expressly stated in this way when necessary.<br /><br />Self-archiving in repositories, personal webpages or similar, of any version other than the published by the Editor, is not allowed. juana.gil@cchs.csic.es (Juana Gil) soporte.tecnico.revistas@csic.es (Soporte Técnico Revistas-CSIC) mar, 30 jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 OJS 3.2.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Perception of the bilabial-labiodental contrast in the approximant consonants of the Chilean Spanish https://loquens.revistas.csic.es/index.php/loquens/article/view/75 <p>Until recently, the consensus was that labiodental realizations of Spanish /b/ did not exist, and that consequently this variation in place of articulation could be safely disregarded. However, new evidence emerged showing that labiodental variants of /b/ do exist in relatively high numbers, at least in some dialects such as in Chilean Spanish. This study set out to determine whether Chilean Spanish listeners are able to perceive the differences between bilabial and labiodental approximant variants of Spanish /b/ (i.e., [β̞] versus [ʋ]). In order to test this, natural and synthetic stimuli were presented to 31 native listeners in identification and discrimination tasks. Results showed that, while the identification task with natural stimuli provided mixed evidence of sensitivity to the contrast, the identification and discrimination tasks with synthetic stimuli provided no evidence of listeners perceiving the phonetic contrast categorically. In sum, listeners do no seem able to perceive the acoustic differences between the two segments, and thus it is unlikely that this phonetic contrast could be employed to encode sociolinguistic information.</p> Mauricio A. Figueroa Candia, Bronwen G. Evans Copyright (c) 2021 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://loquens.revistas.csic.es/index.php/loquens/article/view/75 vie, 14 may 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Rhythm and speech rate as a diagnostic aid in neurodegenerative syndromes of the front-temporal lobes https://loquens.revistas.csic.es/index.php/loquens/article/view/76 <p>Temporal variables have proven to be an effective tool to characterize speech in neurodegenerative diseases and primary progressive aphasia variants, but the evidence available so far is essentially limited to English. This article analyses, by means of a small sample of seven patient groups and a control group (total n = 34; control group = 6; progressive primary aphasia, en three variants = 15; fronto-temporal dementia in two variants = 9; supranuclear progressive palsy = 3; cortico-basal syndrome = 2), the temporal parameters of speech rate, vowel duration, consonant duration, and nine rhythmic metrics (%V, %C, ΔV, ΔC, VarcoV, VarcoC, rPVI-V, rPVI-C, nPVI-V). The results indicate that speech rate is slower in patients with primary progressive non-fluent aphasia (APPnf), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), or corticobasal syndrome (CBS) than in controls. These three clinical groups, as well as those suffering from progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), have longer segmental durations, especially in consonants. Among the rhythm metrics, %C, ΔV and rPVI-C also allow to differentiate between groups, specifically, between control and APPlog, ELA-DFT y SCB.</p> Wendy Elvira-García, Victoria Marrero Aguiar Copyright (c) 2021 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://loquens.revistas.csic.es/index.php/loquens/article/view/76 vie, 14 may 2021 00:00:00 +0200 The prosodic properties of narrow information focus in Central Mexican Spanish: Pitch accents, de-emphasis and phrasing https://loquens.revistas.csic.es/index.php/loquens/article/view/80 <p>This paper investigates the different prosodic strategies used for the marking of information focus in Central Mexican Spanish. For this purpose, we carried out a study of the prosodic properties of information focus both in clause final position and&nbsp;<em>in situ</em>. Our results show important differences when compared to other varieties of Spanish. Specifically, we observe that the most frequent accent signaling information focus is a monotonal pitch accent (L* or !H*) and not L+H*. Furthermore, in many cases we observe that the pitch accent is not the only mechanism used to signal the focus: this is because we observe the presence of prosodic edges to the left of the focus, presumably functioning as an additional prosodic cue to identify it. Additionally, while we do not observe deaccenting of post-focal material, we do observe a sequence of non-rising forms (a flat pattern or “de-emphasis”) following the pitch accent that signals an&nbsp;<em>in situ</em>&nbsp;information focus forced by the test. With respect to phonological phrasing, our results confirm the analysis in Prieto (2006), where it is proposed that syntactic constituency is not the primary factor that regulates phrasing in Spanish.</p> Érika Mendoza Vázquez, Rodrigo Gutiérrez-Bravo, Pedro Martín Butragueño Copyright (c) 2021 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://loquens.revistas.csic.es/index.php/loquens/article/view/80 jue, 21 oct 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Investigating speaker individuality in the Swiss Standard German of four Alemannic dialect regions: Consonant quantity, vowel quality, and temporal variables https://loquens.revistas.csic.es/index.php/loquens/article/view/79 <p>While German-speaking Switzerland manifests a considerable amount of dialectal diversity, until the present day the phonetic interrelation of Alemannic (ALM) dialects and spoken Swiss Standard German (SSG) has not been studied with an acoustic phonetic approach on the speaker level.</p> <p class="p2">In this study, out of a pool of 32 speakers (controlled for sex, age, and education level) from 4 dialectologically distinct ALM areas, 16 speakers with 2 dialects were analysed regarding SSG consonant duration (in words whose ALM equivalents may or may not have a geminate), 8 speakers from the city of Bern (BE) were analysed for vowel quality, and 32 speakers were analysed for temporal variables, i.e., articulation rate (<em>AR</em>) and vocalic-speech percentage (<em>%V</em>).</p> <p class="p2">Results reveal that there is much intradialectal inter- and intraspeaker variation in all three aspects scrutinised, but especially regarding vowel quality of BE SSG mid vowels and temporal variables. As for consonant quantity, while intradialectal interspeaker variation was observed, speakers showed a tendency towards normalised SSG consonant durations that resemble the normalised consonant durations in their ALM dialect. In general, these results suggest that a speaker’s dialect background is only one factor amongst many that influence the way in which Swiss Standard German is spoken.</p> Urban Zihlmann Copyright (c) 2021 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://loquens.revistas.csic.es/index.php/loquens/article/view/79 lun, 07 jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 The relationship between palatalisation and labial consonants in Castilian Spanish https://loquens.revistas.csic.es/index.php/loquens/article/view/78 <p>In spite of the many studies devoted to the palatal outcomes of the Latin clusters PL and FL in Old Spanish, some other clusters and sequences composed of labial consonants such as -PUL-, -BVL-, -BE,I-, -VE,I- and -MI- have received little attention. The aim of this paper is to analyze the phonetic aspects of the diachronic evolution of these clusters and sequences into their Old Spanish outcomes [ʎ], [ɟ] y [ɲtʃ]. To this end, experimental, dialectal and comparative data from Old Spanish as well as from other Romance languages will be used. This will lead to the conclusion that the sound changes in both [C<sub>labial</sub> + l] and [C<sub>labial</sub> + j] clusters were based on the same articulatory mechanisms: a strengthening of the segment following the labial consonant and the later deletion of the labial, if it was a stop, or its assimilation to the point of articulation of the palatal, if it was a nasal. The implications of these conclusions for the evolution of pl and fl clusters in Old Spanish, as well as for the methodology in historical phonetics, will be pointed out.</p> César Gutiérrez Copyright (c) 2021 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://loquens.revistas.csic.es/index.php/loquens/article/view/78 lun, 31 may 2021 00:00:00 +0200