Loquens, Vol 3, No 1 (2016)

The influence of L1 on auditory perception of Spanish/L2


Ana Blanco Canales
Universidad de Alcalá, Spain


The objective of this paper is to examine first language influence on phonic perception capabilities by non-native speakers of Spanish and subsequently analyze some of the existing links between perception and production processes in foreign language acquisition. The assumption is made that both processes are interlinked, and that they develop in line with each other, as the phonological categorization of new units—whereby proper speech production is achieved—starts from complex perceptual processes wherein the first language (L1) plays a crucial role. In order to conduct the study, a perceptual test was taken by 300 students (both men and women) from 20 different countries. Spanish levels ranged from A2 to C1. Data collected (61,200 responses) has been analyzed both quantitatively and qualitatively. Our results show that first language influence on perception is low. They also suggest that, although dependent on each other, production and perception are developed differently.


phonic perception; first language influence; Spanish as a second language (L2)

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